as the southern gateway, Johor is the third largest
state in peninsular Malaysia. Covering an area of 19,984 sq.
km. at the sourthern part of the peninsular, it is bounded bythe states of Pahang to the north, Malacca and Negeri Sembilan
to the west, and the Straits of Johor to the south.
causeway carrying a road and a railway line connects the state
capital, Johor Bahru, to Singapore; making the state highly
accessible from Singapore. Boat services also connect various
points along the Johor River to Changi in Singapore.
is one of the most developed states in the country, and its
economy is based on a mix of agriculture, manufacturing
commerce and tourism. It is a prime producer of rubber, oil
palm and pineapple. Pepper is also cultivated on a large
scale. It also has a timber and wood-based industry. Bauxite
is another product derived from Pengerang. Its new port at
Pasir Gudang on the Straits of Johor is fast developing into
an important international port.
rich mix of culture is reflected in the various places of
worship - the magnificent mosques, temples and churches
existing side byside. It is also evident in the various foods
and local delicacies, the colourful and enchanting costumes,
festivals, ceremonies and rituals. Most festivals are based on
the various religions practiced here although some are also
culturally derived. Whatever their origin, these festivals
afford the visitors an interesting and colourful insight into
the multifaceted culture that can be traced back to the
history of the state.